Certification of Sustainable Practices
Forest Stewardship Council™ (FSC)®
This is an international organization without any industry or government affiliations that was formed in 1993 with the expressed purpose of insuring that the world's forest management practices are responsible, and that any claims of such are confirmed through a rigorous chain of custody system. The FSC is often referred to as the "gold standard" of fiber sourcing certifications, and it is endorsed by many environmental organizations including Greenpeace, National Wildlife Foundation, and the Sierra Club. The FSC Standards are considered more rigorous with extensive obligations for environmental and social performance.
Sustainable Forest Initiative® (SFI)®
This organization was formed by the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) in 1994 in response to U.S. market pressures for assertions of responsible forestry practices. The SFI did not initially include chain of custody provisions, but has since developed those. The SFI became a non-profit, independent organization no longer affiliated with the AF&PA in 2007. The SFI certifications are considered to include superior business processes, and more stringent training requirements throughout the supply chain. The SFI is also recognized and endorsed by the PEFC, thus giving the SFI international recognition.